OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY

WHAT IS OCCUPATIONAL THERAPY?
Occupational Therapy (OT) is a profession that delivers skilled treatment to help individuals
achieve independence in all facets of their lives.

Occupational therapists working at the Center For Children's Therapy must be NJ State licensed, Department of Education certified, and registered by the National Board of Occupational Therapy.    

OTs evaluate and treat infants and children with a variety of medical diagnoses, including Autism Spectrum Disorder, Asperger’s, developmental delay, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, dyslexia, dysgraphia, low muscle tone, nerve injuries, orthopedic conditions, prematurity, cerebral palsy, Down Syndrome, seizure disorders, and more.

OT focuses on evaluating and increasing function through exercise and play based activities.  Specifically, OT targets gross motor, fine motor, ocular motor skills, visual-perception, handwriting, sensory processing, self-care (eating, dressing, toileting), and feeding.

 

Occupational Performance Areas Assessed and Treated


FINE MOTOR - pencil grasp, scissor skills, coloring, writing

GROSS MOTOR - upper extremity range of motion and strength, balance, endurance, mobility, skipping, hopping, jumping, ball skills

OCULAR MOTOR SKILLS - visual fixation, tracking, saccades, pursuits, convergence, divergence

PERCEPTION - visual discrimination, letter reversals, visual memory, processing speed, figure-ground ability, visual closure

HANDWRITING - manuscript and cursive letter formation, spacing between words, writing on the lines, copying from the board, organizing written material on the paper.  Handwriting Without Tears ®

SENSORY INTEGRATION- processing and regulation disorders, body awareness, tactile defensiveness, motor planning, coordination, bilateral coordination, auditory sensitivity, The Listening Program ®, sensory diets and The Brain Gym ®

SELF CARE - self-feeding, dressing, toileting, buttons, snaps, zippers, tying shoe laces, organization of school materials

FEEDING - food selectivity/aversions, sensitivities, refusing solids, messy eaters, gags frequently




Evaluations

OTs, as well as PTs, and SLPs use various methods and tools to evaluate an infant or a child.  A therapist will begin the process by taking a thorough medical, developmental, and social history.  Typically, a standardized test will be administered to assess overall motor development.  In addition, other standardized tests and questionaries will be given to hone in on an area of specific concern. Occasionally, standardized tests are too cumbersome, or overwhelming for some children.  In these circumstances, the OT will use keen observational skills and conduct a functional performance assessment. Regardless of the type of evaluation, a comprehensive report is generated and reviewed with each family.