Speech therapists are licensed and American Speech Language Hearing Association certified to provide evaluations and therapeutic recommendations for receptive (understanding) and expressive (speaking) language disorders.

A speech therapist examines the following areas:

ORAL-PERIPHERAL SPEECH MECHANISM FUNCTION - Structural and functional abnormalities of the face, jaw, lips, and tongue

MOTOR-BASED SPEECH DISORDERS - Sometimes a child’s speech is lacking clarity and it is difficult for others to understand him/her.  Disorders like dyspraxia, apraxia, dysarthria are addressed via improving motor planning and execution for clear speech sounds. 

ARTICULATION - Children may have a difficult time producing sounds by a given age.  Errors in speech sounds may occur and a child might not be able to say “th” or “r” correctly.  In such cases, speech therapists administer the Goldman Fristoe Articulation Test.

- A speech therapist can assess the level at which your child produces and understands language.  Some tests to obtain this information include the Picture Vocabulary Test, Expressive One Word Picture Vocabulary Test, Preschool Language Scales, Test of Language Development.

PRAGMATIC SKIILLS - Speech Therapists work with children to understand the context and meaning of speech and the social component. Additionally, a speech therapist addresses play skills, such as, turn taking, sharing, peer interaction, cooperative play

FLUENCY/VOICE - Stuttering is a challenging obstacle to overcome.  Speech therapists have a variety of methods to improve fluency or stuttering.